Before this, people thought of the moon as a perfect, unblemished orb. It’s the most innocent moment in the whole history of human exploration – a new world with no one in it to rule. There were tensions before the flight about who should step off the lander first: Aldrin believed precedent and military dignity – he was still a serving air force officer – meant he rather than the mission commander should go first and said so. Algernon Cecil Newton (1880–1968) To look at them is to realise why humans need to go there for themselves, to measure themselves against the complete otherness of space, to evolve into spacepeople as Aldrin does right before our eyes in these great utopian treasures of the 1960s. The invention of the telescope and Galileo’s remarkably accurate line drawings “completely changed the human conception of what the moon was like before this. MICHAEL BENSON: Yeah. So I think we are at our next phase.

Baron Munchausen Arrives on the Moon c.1883 Until humanity used telescopes, probes, and crewed missions to explore the moon, it was rather nebulous. This symbol from another world is faced by an astronaut whose visor is more like an opaque golden shield.

The next full moon on 19th February 2019 will be the most super of all – the moon will be 356,846 kilometres from Earth, which is pretty much as close as it gets. MICHAEL BENSON: Right. A Siren in Full Moonlight It’s actually early spaceflight. Thankfully many artists throughout the ages have captured the moon through some wonderful lunar art. 1958 Science Friday transcripts are produced on a tight deadline by 3Play Media. And then the Chinese seem quite serious about sending people there. IRA FLATOW: Do we have a next phase now that you see about how we’re going to depict and visualize the moon? Then, according to the flight plan, the two astronauts were to have a sensible sleep. The exhibit explores how humanity has interpreted the moon through drawings, paintings, and photographs for the last 400 years. Michael Benson, he’s a filmmaker, artist, and author of Cosmographics, Picturing Space Through Time. Behold, 20 artistic reasons artists have always looked to the night sky for inspiration, especially on the occasion of a full moon. MICHAEL BENSON: Yes, the Nebra sky disk was unearthed in central Germany in 1999 by, effectively, grave robbers. And in fact, the moon’s phases are kind of the monthly metronome or temporal backbone of any calendar divided into 12. And I want to tell our listeners that they can see all of these images we’re talking about up on our website at sciencefriday.com/moonart. It is a Ukiyo-e painting, meaning the art of the floating world.

20% off all wall art! For millennia, we’ve been obsessed with the moon’s glow, its craters and blemishes, its familiar, but mysterious presence in the sky. Werner Heisenberg warned his fellow scientists– Werner, that’s the German physicist. It is a portrait of humanity evolving before our eyes into something new and extraordinary. And it’s actually about how some of the early geniuses who came up with multi-stage rocketry were provoked by Jules Verne who depicted a cannon shell taking space travelers to the moon. He bought this new toy, reasoning that automatic focus would save time taking pictures in space. Fidelity to the original aired/published audio or video file might vary, and text might be updated or amended in the future. Mia Fineman recently curated, Apollo’s Muse: The Moon in the Age of Photography. While new celestial worlds like the moon were being studied more closely, another new world came into view for Europeans: the Americas. to help give you the best experience we can. But they refused. Wendy Spooner Over the Moon It’s always kind of mysterious. We’ll be right back for that conversation after the break. A crescent moon hangs in the sky in Landscape, with Crescent Moon, Church and Graveyard and a yellow crescent is also in the more abstract painting Black Night by Robert Leishman. a history of humanity’s quest to visualize the moon and space. From shop ArtsbyThao. Aldrin looks like an alien. You study it, perhaps react against it. early 19th C, Simon Mathurin Lantara (1729–1778) (style of).

1958. In lunar art, the moon is depicted in places all over the world, in remote mountains, islands, forests, villages, towns, cities. This was the dreamlike climax of a love affair between Nasa’s astronauts and photography – a passion that altered human consciousness for ever.

It was, after all, no casual afterthought that Armstrong was standing there in the airless lunar day with a camera in his heavily gloved hands. Ray Harryhausen (1920–2013) Street Scene, Wolverhampton We can see it all the time with the naked eye and yet it’s too far to get to, at least not easily, and there’s one side of it that we never see. We and our partners will store and/or access information on your device through the use of cookies and similar technologies, to display personalised ads and content, for ad and content measurement, audience insights and product development.

View all. That was in part because early film was simply not fast enough to capture the moon. Silver Moon There are many paintings powerfully depicting moonlight on the sea, perhaps little wonder given that the moon's gravitational pull on Earth is the main cause of the rise and fall of ocean tides.

It wasn’t some fake or something, because nothing like that had been seen before. He wanted to take pictures, but how could he do that while flying Friendship 7, as his craft was called? Moonlight

And then the German police recovered it a few years later.

Remember me (uncheck on a public computer), By signing up you agree to terms and conditions Thank you for helping us continue making science fun for everyone. The moon is shown in all of its phases, from gloriously full to a no-less-compelling crescent. Enjoy! Ira Flatow is the host and executive producer of Science Friday. But it’s the portraits that are most entrancing. Reflected in the helmet, the lander’s leg looks massive and it, too, is an invader.

This is what makes me smile. River with Moonlight Effect Meanwhile, Armstrong, so steady, put his sense of wonder into the photographs he took. You know that Huntsville is a very famous place for space exploration and also for preserving space memorabilia and history there. It also meant that there might be inhabitants there.” And contrary to how the church felt about Galileo’s heliocentric theories, they were surprisingly accepting that life could exist elsewhere than Earth. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Moon Reflected in a Turtle Pool, Seychelles IRA FLATOW: Speaking of slow emulsions, wasn’t one of the first films ever made a film about a man in the moon getting hit in the eye by a big bullet shot from a giant cannon? Kirklees Museums and Galleries. We've shipped over 1 million items worldwide for our 500,000+ artists. Aguri Kitamura

It’s constant, and yet it’s always changing. As the photos floating around Twitter testify, it is difficult to do so on a smartphone: it comes out as a pitiful streak, a smear, a sad shadow of its original self. What’s less widely recognised is how much the astronauts shared this understanding. Galileo’s drawings and descriptions completely changed the human conception of what the moon was like. Karl Adloff (1819–1863) The danger lies in the fact that the picture can now be regarded as an account of nature itself rather than our picture of it. “Why haven’t we seen a photograph of the whole Earth yet?” asked one of its key figures, Stewart Brand, in 1966.

It took the Apollo programme to show us the true solitary splendour of our life-filled world. Venice, Moonlight by Christopher Williams brilliantly captures, in burgundy light, the silhouettes of the city's buildings and boats. Midnight Sagebrush is a painting by Johnathan Harris which was uploaded on June 18th 2012. To see our world from space, Brand realised, is a political – as well as a philosophical – bombshell. Coventry University, Once in a Blue Moon

If the moon has a powerful pull on the sea, it has a no less potent effect on us human beings, on our imaginations, minds and emotions. And they realized that a cannon would immediately convert any astronauts inside to, basically, tomato juice on launch. The Rising Moon and Day's Departure God must have created other worlds besides our own. This story is part of our celebration of the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 mission. Earthrise, taken by Apollo 8 astronaut William Anders, captured our planet as it never had been before—in full color, partially covered in shadow.

Alexa Lim is a producer for Science Friday. Your Spirit has been present with….

Harris Museum, Art Gallery & Library, Landscape, with Crescent Moon, Church and Graveyard 1878. IRA FLATOW: And then the moon made an appearance in the 14th century book Dante’s Inferno, right? Anita Sethi, journalist, writer and critic. 1989 W. H. C. View all. Closer to these shores is Street Scene, Wolverhampton, in which the moon hangs over a deserted night street, and Winter Moonrise, Yorkshire. It really inspired the global environmental movement.”, But despite centuries of research, Fineman can’t help but feel that the moon is still elusive. c.1828–1840 Description Each image is an original photograph by Emily Stauring. “[The pumpkin] was a new world vegetable. c.1850 IRA FLATOW: But there have been so many films and movies where the moon has an emotional pull or is a stepping stone to further space exploration, like 2001: A Space Odyssey, right? I praise You because as the darkness covers the night, I know Your presence covers me. And I also have some of those in my book of plaster models of craters, because then they could be photographed in a controlled studio environment with these slow emulsions of the 19th century. That’s the image of the man in the moon being hit in the eye by the astronomers’ rocket ship. Did you know? And understanding doesn’t necessarily precede the representation. IRA FLATOW: That was Mia Fineman from the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York talking to our Camille Petersen. “In the Protestant church in the 18th century, there was this theory called the ‘plurality of worlds,’” Fineman says. We want to know what you think about Art UK. Art UK is the operating name of the Public Catalogue Foundation, a charity registered in England and Wales (1096185) and Scotland (SC048601). Armstrong had to land manually, overriding the planned computer landing because the chosen site was too rocky. Why the moon landing shots are artistic masterpieces Photography From a spacesuited everyman to a golden-legged invader, the lunar images were astonishingly poetic works of art …

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